Onion pilau rice, also known as pulao or pilaf, is a popular rice dish that originated in the Middle East and Central Asia. The dish has since spread to various parts of the world and has been adapted into different regional cuisines. The origins of pilau rice can be traced back thousands of years to ancient Persia (present-day Iran). It was a staple dish in Persian cuisine and was often served during special occasions and feasts. The Persian word “polow” or “pilaf” refers to a method of cooking rice by sautéing it in oil or butter and then simmering it in a seasoned broth. From Persia, pilau rice made its way to the Arab world through trade and cultural exchanges. The Arabs further developed and popularised the dish, incorporating their own spices, herbs, and cooking techniques. The dish spread throughout the Arab world and became an integral part of the culinary traditions in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Egypt, and Syria. During the medieval period, the Silk Road trade route played a significant role in the spread of pilau rice to Central Asia, including regions like Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. The dish underwent further adaptations and became a beloved part of the Central Asian cuisine. With the expansion of the Islamic Empire, pilau rice traveled to other parts of the world, including India and the Indian subcontinent. In India, it is known as “pulao” and has been embraced as a popular rice dish in various regional cuisines. Indian pulao often incorporates a wide range of ingredients such as vegetables, meat, and spices, making it a flavourful one-pot meal. As the dish traveled to different regions and cultures, various ingredients and cooking techniques were incorporated to create unique versions of pilau rice. However, the basic concept of sautéing rice and cooking it in a seasoned broth remains consistent across the different variations. Today, onion pilau rice is enjoyed in many countries and is often served as a side dish or as a main course accompanied by meat, chicken, or vegetable curries. Its versatility and delicious flavours have made it a popular choice in many cuisines worldwide.